This region is one of Turkey's most beautiful, with a year round favourable climate, stunning natural beauty and a wealth of history. Lush, mountain scenery gives way to sparkling clear Mediterranean waters and there are caves, waterfalls and many ancient sites - most famously Aspendos and Perge. The thriving coastal town of Antalya has a charming Roman harbour where many of the buildings have been carefully restored. Alexander the Great, the Romans, Byzantines and the Ottomans have all left their mark on this city and much can still be seen today in the old quarter of Kaleiçi. With its palm tree lines boulevards and narrow winding streets contrasting with its abundance of hotels, bars, restaurants and shops Antalya has a cosmopolitan and historical touch. The city's two main beaches are on either side of Antalya. Konyaalti beach, which is primarily a shingle and pebble beach, lies to the west of the city and provides breathtaking views of the mountains, while the popular beach of Lara lies to the east.
Antalya is located in the west of the Mediterranean region. In ancient times the name of the region was Pamphylia which means "the land of all tribes". In the 1st century BC the Pergamum king III.Attalos ordered his men to find the most beautiful place on earth; he wanted them to find "heaven on earth". After a long search all over the world, they discovered this land and said "This must be 'Heaven' " and King Attalos founded the city. When the Romans took over the Pergamone Kingdom, Attaleia became an outstanding Roman city which the great Roman Emperor Hadrian visited in 130 AD; an arch was built in his honour which is now worth seeing. Then came the Byzantines, after which the Seljuk Turks took over the city in 1207 and gave it a different name, Adalya, and built the Yivli Minaret. The Ottomans followed the Seljuks and finally within the Turkish Republic it became a Turkish city and an important port. In the city centre you can visit Antalya Archaeological Museum, which has won "the museum of the year" award 1997. Also there are many ruins from different periods and naturals sites including 3 waterfalls and many beautiful parks.